Dating new scandinavians
In recent years there have been archaeological finds in caves which strongly suggest human inhabitation of Scandinavia before the Weichsel glaciation, at least 50,000 years ago, presumably by Neanderthals.As the ice receded reindeer grazed on the plains of Denmark and southernmost Sweden.In the 7th millennium BC, when the reindeer and their hunters had moved for northern Scandinavia, forests had been established in the land.
The pre-history of Scandinavia begins at the end of the Pleistocene epoch, following the last glacial period's receding Fenno-Scandian ice sheet.The Scandinavian Peninsula became ice-free around the end of the last ice age. Around 2800 BC, metal was introduced in Scandinavia in the Corded Ware culture.The Nordic Stone Age begins at that time, with the Upper Paleolithic Ahrensburg culture, giving way to the Mesolithic hunter-gatherers by the 7th millennium BC (Maglemosian culture c. In much of Scandinavia, a Battle Axe culture became prominent, known from some 3,000 graves.In Scandinavia, the time following the last ice age period begins at circa 9500 BC and is called at first the Yoldia Stage, after the Yoldia Sea, then the Ancylus Stage, after the Ancylus Lake in turn named after Ancylus fluviatilis, a small fresh-water gastropod from this time.By this time, Denmark and Sweden were joined and the "Baltic Sea" of the age was a fresh water lake called the Ancylus Lake.
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The Ancylus age is followed by formation of the Littorina Sea and the Litorina Stage (named after the Littorina littorea mollusc) at around 6200 BC.